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Babikir Faysal Babikir

Some while ago I wrote an article on the subject of ‘slavery’ in Islam against the background of the Mauretanian Association for Human Rights’ burning of some books of Mālikī fiqh which they saw as extolling the virtue of servitude and calling for it to be continued in Mauretania.

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Tal’at Radwan

Many philosophers underwent suppression. The pages of history confirm that the suppression was carried out with the alliance of political and religious institutions. The execution of the Greek philosopher Socrates is the beginning of this hostile relationship with philosophy, particularly since we learn that the accusation levelled against Socrates was that he ‘corrupted the minds of the youth and promoted foreign gods’.

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Mohammed Sanduk

The West experienced its resurgence during the period of what has come to be known as the Renaissance, the period between the 14th and 16th centuries. Subsequent phases of development continued organically thereafter. But with the exception of some basic attempts made at the end of the 19th century, and the period which followed the First World War (a situation which had its implications),

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Hashem Saleh

This is the general outline of Arab thought in all its successive phases. Let us now get into some details. Arkoun sees that Arab intellectuals, whether in the Arab world or scattered abroad in the European and American world, are divided into two parts: the part that is determined to achieve secular democracy open to the positive, universal achievements of modernity irrespective of the manifestations of this modernity at the present time in western societies.

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